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موضوع: بحث و نظر پیرامون فرآیند ورود به پارک‌های علم و فناوری

  1. #21
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    بسمه تعالی

    مطالعات مربوط به پارک علم و فناوری پردیس مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است که به پیوست ارائه می گردد.
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    • نوع فایل: pdf pardis.pdf (946.6 کیلو بایت, 25 نمایش)

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    باسلام فایل پیوست ارائه مطالبی در مورد پارک علم و فناوری در کشور ترکیه هست امیدوارم مطالب براتون مفید و قابل استفاده باشه .
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    • نوع فایل: pdf PARK.pdf (390.6 کیلو بایت, 23 نمایش)

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  5. #23
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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


    هِسِن يکي از شانزده ايالت آلمان است. پايتخت اين ايالت شهر ويسبادن و فرانکفورت بزرگ‌ترين شهر اين ايالت است که خود بهتنهايي ۶۵۵،۰۰۰ نفر جمعيت دارد و جمعيت آن با حومه‌اش به ۲ مليون ميرسد. در ضمن قلباقتصاد آلمان در اين شهر است. در منطقه راين- ماين در جنوب هسن تراکم صنعتي از همه‌جايآلمان بيشتر است. فايل پيوست حاوي مطالب در خصوص سازمان هسن و فعاليتهاي اين سازمان در اين شهر مي باشد
    تصاویر پیوست شده
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  7. #24
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    نقل قول نوشته اصلی توسط صفورا شریفی صحی نمایش پست ها
    باسلام فایل پیوست ارائه مطالبی در مورد پارک علم و فناوری در کشور ترکیه هست امیدوارم مطالب براتون مفید و قابل استفاده باشه .
    با سلام و احترام.

    تشکر از توضیحات دقیق شما درخصوص عضویت در پارک علم و فناوری.

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  9. #25
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    پارک علم و فناوری شانگهای (بخش1)
    پروفایل پارک
    The Zhongguancun National Demonstration Zone dates back to the "Zhongguancun Electronics Street" in the early 1980s. In May 1988, the State Council approved the establishment of the Beijing New Technology Industrial Development Trial Zone (predecessor of the Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park). Thus Zhongguancun became the first high-tech park in China.
    On March 13, 2009, the State Council approved the construction of the Zhongguancun National Demonstration Zone, and made the plan to build Zhongguancun a S&T innovation center with a global influence,. Later the Development Plan Outline for Zhongguancun National Demonstration Zone (2011-2020), was launched by the State Council on Jan 26, 2011, marking a new starting point for Zhongguancun's development.
    During the past two decades, Zhongguancun has gathered nearly 20,000 high and new-tech enterprises, represented by Lenovo and Baidu, and has formed a high and new-tech industrial cluster featuring electronic information, biomedicine, energy and environmental protection, new materials, advanced manufacturing, aerospace, R&D and service.
    Zhongguancun is the most intensive scientific, education and talent resource base in China. It boasts almost 40 colleges and universities like Peking University and Tsinghua University, more than 200 national (municipal) scientific institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 67 state-level laboratories, 27 national engineering research centers, 28 national engineering and technological research centers, 24 university S&T parks and 29 overseas student pioneer parks.
    Zhongguancun is one of the "innovation and entrepreneurial base for overseas talents" conferred by the Central Personnel Work Coordination Group. There are more than 5,000 enterprises with at least 15,000 overseas returnees. The entrepreneur representatives include Lenovo president Liu Chuanzhi and Li Yanhong, president of Baidu, and Kai-Fu Lee, Google Greater China's former CEO and the president of Innovation Works.
    Zhongguancun's venture capital cases and investment amount every year account for about a third of the country's total. Today, the number of listed companies in the zone adds up to 189, comprising of 113 domestic and 76 overseas companies. As many as 38 enterprises have been listed on the Chinese Growth Enterprise Market. Zhongguancun plans to establish a national S&T financial innovation center that involves government and social funds, industrial and financial capital, and direct and indirect finances.
    To meet the national strategic requirements and Beijing's needs for socioeconomic development, Zhongguancun has obtained a large number of key technical breakthroughs, innovation results and critical S&T innovations, such as the super computer, human vaccines against SARS and bird flu. Zhongguancun also provided technical support for the implementation of major state construction projects, including aerospace engineering, the Three Gorges Project, and the Qinghai-Tibet Highway construction.
    Zhongguancun enterprises have formulated 86 important international standards like TD-SCDMA, McWill and IGRS, and 798 national, local and industrial standards. Its technology transaction values exceed a third of the country's total, including 80 percent of project products and services exported outside Beijing. In 2010, the gross income of enterprises in Zhongguancun achieved 1.59 trillion yuan, an increase of 22.6 percent, taking up about one seventh of all high and new-tech zones in China and contributing 23.5 percent to Beijing's economic growth.
    Currently, Zhongguancun is home to 10 parks, namely, Haidian, Fengtai, Changping, Electronics City, Yizhuang, Desheng, Yonghe, Shijingshan and Tongzhou Parks as well as the Daxing Biomedicine Industrial Base.
    During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, Zhongguancun will further improve its Science and Future S&T Cities, promote the development of the northern R&D service and high-tech industrial belt, which are located in North Haidian, South Changping, as well as the southern high-tech manufacturing and emerging industrial belt consisting of the Beijing Economic-Technological Development Area and partial areas of Daxing, Tongzhou and Fangshan districts.
    چگونه یک دفتر نمایندگی تاسیس کنیم؟
    Foreign traders, manufacturers, shipping agents, economic organizations and other groups shall report, according to the nature of their business, to the Ministry of Commerce (Mofcom) or other relevant ministries, committees or bureaus, which have been authorized for examination and approval of the setup of resident offices. Proxy authorized by Mofcom will go through examination and approval procedures. Business activities of established institutions can only be in the range of business connections, product introductions, marketing, technology exchanges and consulting services. Direct business activities are prohibited.
    مدارک مورد نیاز و فرایندهای ضروی
    (1) Application for setting up the office: The application shall include company background, business conditions, purpose for the office, company name, person in charge, scope of business, location and operational terms. he chairman or president of the enterprise, should sign the application along with the enterprise's seal. (Original)
    (2) A certificate of authorization to the representative accredited to the office issued by the chairman or president of the enterprise. (Original)
    (3) Copy of certificate of legal operation or copy of certificate of registration provided by proper authorities of the country or region where the enterprise originated.
    (4) Bank reference provided by the bank of the country or region where the enterprise comes from: The bank reference, to be signed by the person in charge or business manager of the bank, shall state the enterprise's registered capital and present amount of deposit, as well as the reputation of its flexing capitals after opening the account. (Original)
    (5) Resume of representative accredited to the office. The resume, including both educational and working background, should be detailed, specific and true. Disconnection is not allowed. Two photographs of each representative are required.
    (6) Identification papers of representatives. For representatives of foreign nationality, copy of passport of the country he holds should be submitted. For compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao, copy of certification for a returning to his hometown and permanent resident identification should be submitted. If domestic personnel take the post as representative or chief representative, approval and identification from Beijing Foreign Enterprise Service Corporation (FESCO) are needed.
    ویرایش توسط سعید ظفرخواه : 30-04-2016 در ساعت 20:03

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  11. #26
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    پارک علم و فناوری شانگهای (بخش2)

    روند تصویب شرکت‌های خارجی سرمایه‌گذاری
    موارد مورد نیاز
    1.Application for setting up foreign-backed company;
    2.Contract, rules, and application report, with signature of all investing parties.
    3.Letter of delegation and identification of board of directors or executive directors and supervisors of the company, as agreed on by all investors.
    4.Certificates and credit certificates of foreign investors that have been notarized in accordance with the law (necessary if foreign investors are individuals, not necessary in the case of Hong Kong or Macao or Taiwan), and valid documents of members, with the Chinese party providing a copy of business license and identification of the members.
    5.Notice of preliminary approval of the company (with copies).
    6.Lease agreement for the plant or premises.
    7.Business license of the lessor and property certificate or bid confirmation.
    8.Certificate of State-owned assets valuation (if State-owned assets are involved).
    9.Authorization of legal document.
    10.Environmental protection department comments (except for service industry).
    11.Address confirmation (issued by township-level authority).
    12.Declaration of access to inspection for the new company (leased plants) in the Jiading district (except for service industry).
    13.Other supporting documents needed by authorities for approval.
    توجه داشته باشید که:
    1.The above documents are formal except for those that can be copied. Documents without the signature of member parties need to be accompanied by a letter of power of attorney by the members.
    2.In the case of application materials with a separate signing page (including, but not limited to shareholder resolution, board of directors resolution, contract, or constitution), there must be a company seal or signature of investors in the corner of the document.

    تاسیس شرکت‌‌هایی در M&A در توسط سرمایه‌گذاران خارجی
    موارد مورد نیاز
    حقوق M&A
    1. Application report
    2. Authorization of legal document.
    3.Contract and constitution signed by authorized representative of investors (sole proprietor company can submit a constitution).
    4. Qualification or identification along with Chinese version of foreign investors who are notarized and certified.
    5.Bank letter and Chinese version, of foreign investors.
    6.Business license (with copies) and bank letter, of foreign investors.
    7.Identity of authorized representative (with copies) from each investor.
    8.Letter of delegation and identification (with copies) of board of directors (or executive directors) and members of board of supervisors (or supervisors) from each investor.
    9.Relevant documents of approval or documents for reference issued by State-owned assets departments (projects related to State-owned assets refer to relevant regulations on State-owned assets management)
    10.Agreement of foreign investors purchasing domestic company stock or subscribing to domestic company shares.
    12.Asset appraisal and nearest annual financial audit of acquired domestic company.
    13.Information on any company backed by the acquired domestic company.
    14.License and copy of acquired domestic company and any company backed by it.
    15.Staff resettlement plan for acquired domestic company.
    16.Agreement of foreign investors, acquired domestic company, creditors, and any other parties with credit or debts of acquired domestic company.
    17.Explanation of whether M&A interested party is associated with other M&A party.
    18.Agency agreement and agency license (with copies) if intermediary has been delegated to act on the application.
    19.Other documents required by the approval authority.
    دارایی های M&A
    1. Application report
    2. Authorization letter on legal document service.
    3. Foreign-backed company contract and constitution signed by authorized representative of investors (sole proprietor company can submit a constitution).
    4. Qualification or identification with Chinese version, of notarized and certified foreign investors.
    5. Bank letter with Chinese version, of foreign investors.
    6. Business license (with copies) and bank letter of foreign investors.
    7. Identification of authorized representative (with copies) from each investor.
    8.Letter of delegation and identification (with copies) of board of directors (executive directors) and members of board of supervisors ( supervisors) from each investor.
    9.Relevant documents of approval or documents for reference from State-owned assets departments (projects related to State-owned assets refer to State-owned assets management regulations).
    10.Asset purchase agreement signed by proposed foreign-backed company and domestic company.
    11.Asset purchase agreement signed by proposed foreign-backed company and domestic company, or, asset purchase agreement signed by foreign investors and domestic company.
    12.Asset appraisal and the closest annual audit of acquired domestic company.
    13.Information on any company backed by acquired domestic company.
    14.Business license and a copy of the acquired domestic company and any company backed by it.
    15.Staff resettlement plan for the acquired domestic company.
    16.Agreement of foreign investors, acquired domestic company, creditors, and any other party purchasing credit or debt of acquired domestic company.
    17.Explanation of whether M&A party is associated with other M&A party.
    18.Notice from the domestic company that is selling assets, to the creditors, and similar announcement in a newspaper above the provincial level sold nationally.
    19.Certificate of acquired domestic company for public notice to creditors and explanation of any creditor disagreement.
    20.Agency agreement and license (with copies) must be provided if an intermediary is delegated to act on the application.
    21.Other documents required by the approval authority.
    توجه داشته باشید که:
    1. The above documents are formal except for those that use copies. Those without member signaturemust be accompanied by power of attorney letter from the members.
    2. Applications where the signature page is separate, (including, but not limited to, shareholder or board of directors resolutions, contracts, or constitution), must have a company seal or investor signature in the corner of the document.

    تاسیس شرکتهای بزرگ و خرده فروشی بوسیله سرمایه گذاران خارجی
    موارد مورد نیاز
    The following documents are to be submitted during the application process:
    1. Request to set up a company.
    2. Contract, rules, and application report with legal representative of each investor, with a signature (except for sole proprietor companies).
    3. Certificate and credit certificate of foreign investors that have been notarized and certified (identification is needed for individual foreign investors; no authentication is needed in Hong Kong or Macao special administrative regions and Taiwan) and identification documents of members (with copies), with the Chinese party providing a license (with copies) and identification of members (copies).
    4. Assessment of State-owned assets that Chinese investors plan to invest in the Sino-foreign joint venture and cooperating companies.
    5. Import and export catalogue of proposed foreign-backed company.
    6. Letter of delegation and identification of board of directors or executive directors and supervisors of foreign-backed company, assigned by each investor.
    7. Notice on preliminary approval of company name, issued by industrial and commercial administration (with copy).
    8.Lease agreement of proposed store and business license of renter and property certificate (with copies).
    9. Rent agreement of registered location and business license of renter and property certificate (with copies).
    10. Company information for the record.
    11. Address confirmation (issued by township-level authority).
    12. Other documents required by approval authority.
    موارد زیر باید ارائه شود هنگامی که یک شرکت خارجی اقدام به ایجاد فروشگاه می کند
    1. Company's request of setting up a store
    2. As for the contracts and constitutions that have been amended, modified versions shall be submitted
    3. Application report for setting up stores
    4. Decision of the shareholder meeting or board of directors about setting up store, and name list of the members in the shareholder meeting or board of directors
    5. The company's audit report of the latest year (copy)
    6.Company's capital verification (copy)
    7. Registration certificate (copy) and members, rights certificate (copy) of each investor party
    8. Land usage certificate (copy) of proposed store and lease agreement and business license of renter and property certificate (with copies)

    توجه داشته باشید که :
    1、 The above documents need be formal except for those that use copies. Any document not bearing members' signature need be accompanied by a power of attorney letter from the members.
    2、 For any application materials with a separate signature page (including, but not limited to, shareholder resolution, board of directors resolution, contracts, or constitution), there needs to be a company seal or investor signature in the corner of the document.
    The above examination and approval items do not include
    1. Foreign business projects with more than $100 million in investment and those requiring Shanghai municipal business bureau approval.
    2. Projects with a retail area of more than 1,000 sq m and that without sales in store.
    3. Projects that require Ministry of Commerce approval.
    ویرایش توسط سعید ظفرخواه : 30-04-2016 در ساعت 20:07

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  13. #27
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    پارک علم و فناوری شانگهای (بخش3)

    چگونه یک سرمایه گذاری مشترک در چین داشته باشید:
    Equity joint ventures are the second most common manner in which foreign companies enter the domestic market and the preferred manner for cooperation where the Chinese government and Chinese businesses are concerned. Joint ventures are usually established to exploit market knowledge, preferential market treatment, and manufacturing capability of the Chinese side along with the technology, manufacturing know-how, and marketing experience of the foreign partner.
    Normally operations of a joint venture are limited to a fixed period, from thirty to fifty years. In some cases an unlimited period of operations can be approved, especially when the transfer of advanced technology is involved. Profit and risk sharing in a joint venture are proportionate to the equity of each partner in the joint venture, except in cases of a breach of the joint venture contract.
    Share holdings in a joint venture are usually nonnegotiable and cannot be transferred without approval from the Chinese government. Investors are restricted from withdrawing registered capital during the life of the joint venture contract. Regulations surrounding the transfer of shares with only the approval of the board of directors and without approval from government authorities could evolve over time as the size and number of international joint ventures grow.
    There are specific requirements for the management structure of a joint venture but either party can hold the position as chairman of the board of directors. Foreign partner(s) must contribute at least 25% to the joint venture. There is no minimum investment for Chinese partner (s). Foreign exchange accounts should be balanced to remit profits abroad so repatriated foreign exchange can be offset by exports from the joint venture. With elimination of foreign exchange certificates, the requirement is getting more relaxed.
    The permissible debt to equity ratio of a joint venture is regulated depending on the size of the joint venture. In situations where the sum of debt and equity is less than US $3 million, equity must constitute 70% of the total investment. In joint ventures where the sum of the debt and equity is more than US $3 million but less than US $10 million, equity must constitute at least half of the total investment. Where sum of the debt and equity is more than US $10 million but less than US $30 million, 40% of total investment must be in equity. When total investment exceeds US $30 million, at least a third of the sum of the debt and equity must be equity.
    Equity can include cash, buildings, equipment, materials, intellectual property rights, and landuse rights but cannot include labor. The value of equipment, materials, intellectual property rights, or landuse rights must receive approval by government authorities before joint ventures can be approved.
    After a joint venture is registered, the entity is considered a Chinese legal entity and must abide by all Chinese laws. As a Chinese legal entity, a joint venture is free to hire Chinese nationals without interference from government employment industries, as long as they abide by Chinese labor laws. Joint ventures can purchase land and build their own facilities, privileges that are not allowed to representative offices
    چگونه یک شرکت تامین مالی و سرمایه در چین داشته باشید:
    It is important for foreign investors to understand procedures to establish foreign funded enterprises in the country.
    (1) Choice of projects, co operation of partners and relevant office approvals
    The first step for foreign investors to take is to decide a project to undertake. Foreign investors have two options to choose from; they may chose a project proposed by enterprises or institutions across the country or they may propose investment projects by themselves.
    If the first option is taken, institutions and enterprises nationwide have proposed numerous projects, some of which have government approval and some that do not. It is best to select officially approved projects.
    The second option requires awareness over whether the chosen project conforms to China's industrial policies, and whether it belongs to a field in which they are permitted to invest in.
    Attention should be paid to attain reliable Chinese partners. When applying for joint ventures or cooperative ventures, it is the responsibility of the Chinese partner to submit the application.
    For wholly owned foreign ventures, investors should seek assistance from consultants.
    (2) Submission of feasibility study reports and relevant official approval
    Investors in a joint venture or a co operative joint venture can only mount a feasibility study on a project once the application for establishment has been approved. A feasibility study report usually contains the following items:
    Outline of implementation Background and history of the project Marketing and production capacity Materials and inputs Site location Design of Project Organizational costs Construction arrangements Financial and economic assessments Foreign exchange equalization and assessment of risks
    In equity and cooperative joint ventures it is the Chinese partner that is expected to submit the feasibility report. However, the foreign party should maintain an effective channel of consultancy to screen through papers and process. For investors in a wholly foreignowned venture, the report should be submitted along with the application for establishment by consultants to relevant local government authority.
    چگونه یک همکاری در سرمایه گذاری مشترک در چین داشته باشید:

    In a cooperative venture, parties involved may operate as separate legal entities and bear liabilities independently rather than as a single entity. A cooperative venture can be registered as a limited liability entity resembling an equity joint venture in operations, structure, and status as a national legal entity.
    There is no minimum foreign contribution required to initiate a cooperative venture, allowing a foreign company to take part in an enterprise where they preferred to remain a minor shareholder. The contributions made by the investors are not required to be expressed in a monetary value and can include excluded in the equity joint venture process can be contributed such as labor, resources, and services. Profits in a cooperative venture are divided according to the cooperative venture contract rather than by investment share, allowing a more flexible schedule for return on investment where one investor provides cash while the other party's investment is primarily in kind.
    Greater flexibility in structuring a cooperative venture is permissible to include structure of the organization, management, and assets. There is no term for unlimited terms in cooperative ventures, but no provisions for the term of the duration. The term of the cooperative venture contract may be renewed subject to consent of parties involved and approval from examination and approval authorities. The foreign investor is permitted to withdraw their registered capital or a portion thereof from the cooperative venture during the contract.Because of unique privileges and added features offered to the foreign party in a cooperative venture, trade unions must represent employees.
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    ویرایش توسط سعید ظفرخواه : 30-04-2016 در ساعت 20:06

  14. #28
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    آقای ظفرخواه
    خیلی برام جالب بود که پارک علم و فناوری در کشورهای دیگر نه تنها به نوآوری می پردازند بلکه برای همکاری مشترک و سرمایه گذاری در شرکت های جوان و نوآور هم برنامه شراکت دارند و حتی درپارک های علم و فناوری مرکزی برای جذب سرمایه گذار داشته اند.
    ممنون از مطلبتون. در صورت امکان بخش هایی را به انتخاب خودتان ترجمه کنید.
    ویرایش توسط صفورا شریفی صحی : 30-04-2016 در ساعت 22:13

  15. #29
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    خیلی ممنون از مطلبتون آقای آهی و آقای شاطری
    به نظر شما اختصاصی کردن پارک علم و فناوری مفید است؟
    یعنی پارکی که فقط به بخش نرم افزار بپردازد یا پارکی که تمامی موارد از کشاورزی و زراعت تا نرم افزار و پرینترهای سه بعدی را در خود جای دهد.
    برای مثال، من شاهد یک موسسه تهیه فیلم در پارک علم و فناوری دانشگاه تهران در کنار موسسات پژوهشی که گاها در مناقصات داخلی و خارجی هم شرکت می کردند و حتی گروه ها و انجمن های کوچک دانشجویی بودم.
    البته نظر خودم این است که بخاطر موضوع فضا و اینکه برای استفاده از استعدادها باید چنین پارک هایی در تمامی شهرستان ها وجود داشته باشد، جدا و تفکیک کردن آن کمی سرمایه بر و زمان بر خواهد بود.
    با تشکر
    ویرایش توسط صفورا شریفی صحی : 30-04-2016 در ساعت 22:12

  16. #30
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    خیلی ممنون آقای قلی پور از مطلبتون
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